Sarki Abdul Aziz

Sarki Abdul Aziz bin Abdul Rahman bin Faisal (1293 H \ Janairu 15, 1876 AD – 1373H \ Nuwamba 9, 1953 m), wanda ya kafa na zamani Saudi Arabia da sarki na farko na Daular Saudi Arabia. An haife shi a Riyadh domin mulki Al Saud iyali a afka, kuma a lõkacin da ya kai da shekaru goma ya koma tare da iyalinsa to Qatar da kuma Bahrain, sa’an nan kuma zuwa Kuwait da aka gaishe da Sarkin Mubarak Al-Sabah bayan nasarar Al Rashid, ƙanƙara hakiman Al-Saud, da kuma ciyar da yara a can. Mahaifinsa Abdul Rahman bin Faisal Last limamai na biyu Saudi jihar.
Scurry Abdul Aziz bin Abdul Rahman da mabiyansa, wanda ya ƙidaya arba’in, da sittin da aka ce masu, wani mutum, 21 years old Ramadan 1319 H \ Janairu 2, 1902 m, daga Kuwait, je ga Riyadh ya karya masmak Fort, gwamna ta zama. Kuma maido da Riyadh, Abdul Aziz, na farko gini block a yi na jihar, da kuma mataki na bunqasar mode. The post-dawo da Riyadh, mafi muhimmanci, saukarwa a tarihin Abdul Aziz, kamar yadda ya shafe fiye da shekaru ashirin da fadace-fadace a cikin da yaƙe-yaƙe, a fiye da daya gaban.
King Abdulaziz sani daga cikin Larabawa da sunan Abdul Aziz Ibn Saud a lõkacin da West suna da Western kafofin watsa labarai a 1934 Otto von Bismarck da Napoleon Larabawa Larabawa da Oliver Cromwell hamada.

kashi

Shin Sarki Abdul Aziz bin Imam Abdul Rahman bin Imam Feisal bin Imam Turki bin Prince Abdullah bin Saud bin Abdulaziz Bin Imam Muhammad bin Saud bin Mohammed bin Sultan bin Markhan bin Ibrahim bin Musa bin Rabia bin Mani bin Rabia Mureydi da Marada na Hanifa daga Bakr bin Wael bin Qasit wanda ƙare a Rabia ibn Nizar bin Adnan bin m.

Rayuwarsa kafin ya zo iko

A lokacin da Prince Mohammed bin Abdullah Rasheed lura mamayar Ottoman Empire a lokacin Qassim dukan da aka bar biranen biyu Saudi State, amma Riyadh a lokacin da aka Abdul Aziz, shekaru 10, da haihuwa, kuma a lõkacin da suka matso kusa da umarnin gaba Abdul Rahman bin Faisal Abdulaziz je hamada da kuma a zahiri ya yi shi da kuma fara yaki tsakanin gaba Abdul Rahman da Al Rashid Abdul Rahman, amma da gazawar da shan kashi da kuma shagaltar Riyadh tafi Qatar, Bahrain da Kuwait isa ya zauna a can, kuma shi ne sarkin Mubarak Al-Sabah ya karbi Abdul Aziz Abdul Rahman da ubansa. A lokacin da ya kasance a Kuwait Abdul Aziz siyasa koyo da kuma majalisai da kuma hanyoyin da yaki da aka motsi zuwa Kuwait a 1310 AH inda ya zauna shekaru takwas a cikin yaki ya fara tsakanin shi da al-Rashid a shekara ta 1318 bayan hijira, kuma dawo dasu Riyadh a 1319 AH.

The farkon mulkinsa

A 1900 daidai 1318 AH a lõkacin da Abdul Aziz ya shekara 17 da haihuwa, ya tambaye Abdel-Aziz daga mahaifinsa, Imam Abdel-Rahman, don ba da damar da shi zuwa mayar da mulki iyalinsa, amma mahaifinsa bai ba shi yin haka, saboda tsoron makiya, wanda ta zarce a lambobi, kayan aiki, amma Abdul-Aziz ya rinjayi mahaifinsa, sai ya ɗauki kamfanin na 72 mutane su mayar da Riyadh a 1901, m to 1319 AH bayan bauta ga haka a wani zango Yprin a gefen na komai kwata kudu da Larabawa, kuma yana da daga baya tattara magoya bayan kabilan hamada don samar da goyon baya da kuma goyon baya ga shi bayan wani lokaci, mutane sun rasa House Saud. Daga nan ya tafi kudancin lardunan find, wanda shine fitarwa da kuma Hawtat Bani Tamim, da wuta, da kuma fallow Wadi propellants, Fastrdha na Al Rashid a shekara 1321 AH / 1903. Qassim, sa’an nan kuma dawo dasu a 1905/1324.
A cikin shekaru biyu, tun lokacin da fall na Telia Riyadh, Ibn Saud na ci gaba da mamaye sauran find, wanda tara dan Rashid nemi taimako daga cikin Ottoman Empire. Sabõda haka, shi aika ikon kayar da shi, kuma ya iya tilasta wa Turkish kashi Ibn Saud, amma ya ya iya canza ta sojojin bayan tashi daga cikin Turkish sojojin saboda matsaloli a Supply a kasar Larabawa.
A 1334 AH / 1915, Birtaniya shiga wani alkawari, kõ kuwa Darren Qatif da Ibn Saud, wanda ke lalata ƙasar sarrafawa by Ibn Saud kare da shan kashi na Ibn Saud al-Rasheed biyayya ga Ottoman jihar.
Abdulaziz (suka yi kokarin kula da jihar daga yin hannu a yakin da bai yi kokarin) yi wani m mataki a kan Ɗan kyau m hammayarsu.
A 1338 AH / 1919 kaddamar Brotherhood magoya bayan Sarki Abdul Aziz, an kai hari a kan Sharif Hussein Sharif Makka a yakin na kasar gona da kuma sauki Alvaour dubawa daga cikin sojojin a ga Taif tsallake Sharif Abdullah Bin Hussein Al-Hada da makiyayarta na Taif . By shekara 1341 AH 1922 ya iya sarrafa da yankin, wanda shi ne karkashin iko da Sharif Hussein bin Ali. Lashe Abdul Aziz nasarori da fatattakar Sharif Hussein a 1344 AH / 1925, a wannan shekara a cikin abin da Muslim Brotherhood kaddamar da farmaki a kan Transjordan a umurnin sarki Abdul Aziz.

Hijazi yaki

Ki ya King Abdul Aziz a lokacin yakin duniya na farko daga shan wani soja mataki kan Sharif Hussein, kuma ya mayar da} o} arin a fada dan Rashid son zuciya ga Ottoman jihar, amma wata gaba tsakanin bangarorin biyu a duka biyu da ƙasa kuma Khurmah game da mika wuya na kowane ƙasa, kamar yadda Abdul Aziz ya yi ĩmãni su ne daga ƙasar Mun sami, yayin da Sharif Hussein ga cewa su na Alhijaz.ovi Shaban 1337 AH / 1918 creep Abdullah, dan Sharif Hussein to “gona Bakom” da kuma shagaltar bayan kusan free ta iyali da kuma bayan turjiyar da matuƙar cikakken ranar Bakom rage a cikin ƙasa suka ƙi har tsaro na kasar gona da Sharif da rundunarsa, kuma sũ, ‘yan.
Resistance a Munif Palace da kuma wurare da dama a cikin ƙasa, muddin na karshe a Shangil Castle kuma ya ƙare bayan faduwar rana a wannan rana, mafi Bakom juya yantar Bakom Aatzala yaki da adalci na Brotherhood da Mwalathm sarki Abdul Aziz kuma Aatzalhm na yaki saboda gaban Knights na Bakom da Sharif a karkashin birged kwamandan Abdul Osais Allah da kuma gaban Knights na Bakom da Brothers band karkashin banner na shugaban Hazza rawaya.
The fitarwa da kuma ja da baya umarni na Prince Mohammed Bin Ghannam Amir Bakom. Wannan shi ne karo na hudu da ashirin da watan Agusta, da kuma gobe na isa Brothers Band da ƙasa Bakom sahabbai sun kasance Sharif Abdullah Bin Al Hussein sojojin da kuma kewayen Palace Munif a gona da kuma sauransu / Shaban / 251 337 AH.
An haka kammala Bakom raba zuwa hudu sassan da kowane sashe yana da wani ra’ayi:
Sashe na: Suna kagaggun da tafi yaƙi da Prince Mohammed bin Ghannam.
Sashe na II: Su ne wadanda suka ki ja da baya, kuma suna da juriya da kuma kare kasar gona da Sharif da wani karamin lamba.
Sashe na III: Suka koma sojojin Muslim Brotherhood, jagorancin rawaya Hazza da sauran malamai Bakom.
Sashe IV: Sun kasance tare da Sharif Army, karkashin jagorancin Abdullah Osais.
Bayan yakin ya zama Bakom gona karkashin mulkin King Abdul Aziz, wanda zaunar na tsawon makonni biyu da shirya Hoanha equips da mutane su shiga sojojin Muslim Brotherhood, karkashin jagorancin Prince Mohammed bin Ghannam Buqami.
Bayan haka Abdul Aziz ya na sha’awar daukar Saudi Arabia tsaka tsaki a yakin duniya na II matsayi.
Bayan haka Saudi sojojin halarci a cikin 1948 yaki a Palestine.
The British gwamnati gane ikon Abdul Aziz kuma iko a kan mafi yawansu, Saudi Arabia, a halin yanzu, da kuma tura shi Abdul Aziz ibn Saud su riƙe Jeddah alkawari da Birtaniya a 1927, kawo karshen 1915 Darren yarjejeniyar da aka ambata a sama. A halin yanzu, Abdul-Aziz ne title na Sultan na afka da na’urorin haɗi wa Sarkin Mulkin Hejaz da Nejd.
Yana da shekara 1346 AH a 1927 zuwa shekara ta 1351 1932 Abdul Aziz ya iya sarrafa mafi yawan Larabawa. Sai ya canza suna daga cikin Mulkin Hejaz da Nejd to Saudi Arabia, kuma ta haka ne ya zama sarki a kan nascent Birtaniya.
A 17 ga watan Mayu 1351/1932, King Abdul Aziz bayar da umurnin sanar da daidaituwa Mulkin tsarin, sanin a ranar Alhamis, 21 Mayu kwanaki bushãra karfafa karkashin sunan “Saudi Arabia.” dukkan sassa na Mulkin Saudi Arabia Vetohdt hukuma Day 21-5 -1351 e / m 09/22/1932.
Nasarorin lokacin mulkinsa

The daidaituwa da mafi yawan yankuna na kasar Larabawa a karkashin sunan Mulkin Saudi Arabia.
Ana zargin na farko ma’aikatar kafa a Mulkin Saudi Arabia ma’aikatar harkokin waje da kuma kwanan rana ta 1349/1930. An kira Directorate-Janar na harkokin waje, da kuma na farko sakataren jihar ne Prince Faisal bin Abdul Aziz.
Ana zargin ma’aikatar tsaron a Birtaniya, wanda aka kafa a cikin bazara na shekara ta biyu na 1365 Maris 6, 1946, aka kira tsaron Agency da.
The bayyanar da ciki hidima da kuma sanya Prince Faisal bin Abdul Aziz a 1350 AH / 1931 AD ministan matsayin tsaro da kuma harkokin cikin Public la’anta ayyuka A 1370 H, m to 1950, jama’a m juya a cikin Hadakar ma’aikatar cikin gida
The kafa na ma’aikatar kudi da aka kira Janar Directorate of Finance da nada Abdullah Bin Sulaiman Al-Hamdan, ministan ta
Shura Council na zargin Mulkin an machined daga wani cikakken lokaci mambobi ne na yi na Royal Littãfin No. 37 ar 09/01/1346 H / 17.07.1927 m.
Rike farko zaben a jihar shi ne shekara 1343 bayan hijira / 1924
The kafa na ma’aikatar Communications a 1372 AH / 1953.
Na farko kasuwanci tsarin kotu bayyanar a 1350/1931.
Na farko tsarin bankunan fito a 1347 AH / 1928.
Na farko tsarin gudanar da Hajj a Saudi fitowan bayar a 1346 AH.
Ana zargin na farko tsarin da hanyoyi da gine-gine a Birtaniya a 1360.
Na farko tsarin masana’antu da kasuwanci jam’iyya a Jeddah bayyanar a 1365.
Na farko tsarin phones a Birtaniya bayyanar a 1356 AH.
The kafa na farko tsarin daidaita kan sarki a 1369.
Kafa na farko da tsarin walƙiya a shekara ta 1356 AH.
Kafa na farko da tsarin na Society motar asibiti sadaka a 1354 AH.
Kafa na farko da tsarin asibitoci a Birtaniya a 1354 AH.
Tsayar da farko ‘yan sanda Directorate a Makka a 1343 AH.
Na farko ice factory a Mulkin da kafa bayar a 1338 AH.
The kafa na farko Saudi manufa don nazarin tsaro 1370 e.
Na farko kaya na Saudi man ga duniya a shekara ta 1358 AH / 1939 AD da kuma cewa tashar jiragen ruwa na Ras Tanura a unstressed, wanda aka kaddamar da Sarki Abdul Aziz filin.
Ana zargin na farko na sarauta al’amarin.
Ana zargin na farko na sarauta al’amarin rediyo ne ya number 7/3/16/3996 kwanan rana 23/09/1368 AH (1949 AD), inda commissioning sarki Abdul Aziz to dansa da kuma mataimakinsa sun kasance a cikin Hejaz Prince Faisal duba da rediyo.
The kafa Ma’aikatar Aikin Gona a 1361 AH / 1942.
The kafa na Saudi Arabian lamuni Agency da aka kafa da sarauta ka’idodi da 30/14/1/1046 No. 1047 bayar a ranar 25 Rajab 1370 AH Afrilu 20, 1951 m da kuma bude da shugaban ofishin a birnin Jeddah a ranar 14 Muharram 1372 AH / Oktoba 4, 1952 m.
The kafa Saudi Arabian Airlines, wanda haka suna a ranar kira. Wanda ya zama sananne a da marigayi hamsin Saudi Arabian Airlines.
Yana samo asali da ra’ayin na Railway a 1367 da Anthih a 1371 e haxe Riyadh Dammam.
Rafha kafa na lardin a cikin shekara ta 1370 AH.
Kafa na farko gwamnati a Birtaniya kula da matasa.
The kafa jama’a Hajj Directorate a 1365 AH / 1946.
The hukunci da aka sanar, a sarauta tsarin mulki a 1351/1932.
Bayarwa da kambi yarima a karon farko na Prince Saud bin Abdul Aziz.
Canja wurin suna Sultan hijazi kuma mun samu a cikin 1345 AH / 1926 wa Sarkin Hejaz da afka.
The kafa majalisar ministoci a 1372 AH / 1953, da kuma nada Prince Saud bin Abdul Aziz, shugaban.
Hakowa na farko mai filin a 1359 AH / 1940 m kusa Dhahran.
Prince Saud bin Abdul Aziz, da nada wani mataimakin wa sarki a tsakiya da gabashin yankunan da Prince Faisal bin Abdul Aziz, mataimakin wa sarki a cikin hijazi.
Da dama masallatai a Riyadh da kuma bude da dama kolejoji a Abha.
Wani babban rabo na King Abdul Aziz, shi ne cewa Sarki Mataimakin Shugaban kasa kan Shura Council zaman shi ne taron da ake kira Sarkin Abdul Aziz ta sujada, domin shi ne na karshe taron ya jagoranci a cikin rayuwarsa.
Wars.
Sarki Abdul Aziz ta wuri a lokacin yakin duniya I.

Siyasa da tattalin arziki da gefen masõya, amma daga sojoji batu na view bai yi wani aiki ko kai wa wani yaƙi har su zuba I. Sama da duka da farko kamar yadda a cikin ni’ima.
Birtaniya ta kasance a ko’ina cikin lokaci kafin a yaki don kauce wa shiga cikin wani irin dangantaka tare da shi, kuma tsaya wani mummunan hali zuwa ga abin da aka nuna akai-akai don gano wasu irin dangantaka kubutar da shi a bit da wani ma’auni da m Ottoman matsa lamba a kan shi, idan bayan yaki kara samun shi da ya kai ga tattaunawar ga cikar Darren yarjejeniya da aka sani da yarjejeniyar a ranar 18 Safar 1334 AH / Disamba 26, 1915 AD. Sarki Abdul Aziz son zuciya da kuma dauke tare da Birtaniya da kawayenta da Ottoman Empire da kawayenta.
Fadace-fadace a lokacin daidaituwa Mulkin

Yaƙi-shekara (hijryya) Year (AD) da sauran jam’iyyar
Battle bude Riyadh 1319 e = 1902 sojojin dan Ajlan
Battle Dalam = 1320 e 1902 Abdul Aziz sojojin gaji Rashid
Battle of bekeriyah 1322 e 1904 Abdul Aziz sojojin gaji Rashid
Battle of shinanah 1322 e 1904 Abdul Aziz sojojin gaji Rashid
Battle kindergarten Muhanna 1324 1906 Abdul Aziz sojojin gaji Rashid
Battle m 1325 AH 1907 sojojin Hamud Sultan Rashid da Mohammed bin Abdullah Al-Muhanna kuma Faisal bin Sultan Duweish
Battle Abe gero 1329 e 1911 Afas bin Visage kuma dan damfara Aldat sojojin daga Alroukh na Otaiba
Battle Ahsa 1331 e 1912 Turkish sojojin Palace Kut
Battle kwafsa 1333 e 1915 sojojin Saud al-Aziz al-Rashid
Battle Kinsan 1333 e 1915 Orlando Bloom Files sojojin
Repast kandami 1336 1918 e kabilar sojojin na tan Electric Company
Battle ƙasa 1337 1919 e-Sharif tilasta Abdullah na Jordan
Battle Hgela 1338 e 1920 Hassan bin Ayed sojojin
Battle Harmalah 1339 e 1921 Hassan bin Ayed sojojin
Battle of sabilla 1347 e 1929 Brotherhood-kai sojojin da Duweish Faisal Sultan Bin Bejad
Battle of Jabal Shammar 1348 e 1929, karkashin jagorancin Abdul Aziz bin Faisal bin Sultan Duweish Brotherhood sojojin
Battle Jazan 1351 1932 Hassan Idrissi sojojin

US dangantakar

A watan Fabrairu 1950, a wani karamin kuma m manufa, sai ya aika da jakadan kasar Amurka a Saudi Arabia a request ga Gwamnatin {asar Amirka, da su taimaka Ibn Saud domin lura da kullum amosanin gabbai da kuma sha wahala debilitating rauni. An yi nufin King Abdul Aziz Al Saud, wanda aka sani a West kawai a matsayin Ibn Saud. Kuma haddasa kafar zafi da kumburi da lalacewa ta hanyar amosanin gabbai zuwa ƙuntata da motsi muhimmanci kuma Muka sanya shi amfani da keken hannu, kuma a lõkacin da ya ga Amirkawa, sai ya kira daya daga cikinsu a lõkacin da ya “da aka motsi wadanda kusa da shi su ji ƙasusuwansa creak.”
Wannan fatawar ya zo a lokacin da US-Saudi dangantakar alama da hargitsi. A da United States leases Dhahran Airport, amma babban adadin Saudis, karkashin jagorancin limaman Kirista, sun kasance masu ra’ayin mazan jiya da kuma watsi da duk wata American soja gaban a cikin kasar. The King Abdul Aziz Al Saud da kanta ne har yanzu reticent game America ta fitarwa na jihar na Isra’ila. Akwai tattaunawar kasance a ƙarƙashin hanya kan yadda za a raba Aramco mai kamfanin ribar da ake da hannu a cikin dukiya da Saudi kuma kamfanonin Amirka.
Ko da yake Agusta Saud sha tiyata ƙaryata magani ya samu, sauƙaƙar da shi da wasu ciwo, har ya fara sake samu wasu daga cikin nauyi a gudanar da harkokin kasar da danƙa wa ɗansa, ya fara ba a kan wani keken hannu, wanda ya yi amfani da kullum, Suna kewayawa sosai dadi da kuma gwiwoyi gaba daya Mstqimitan.
Sarki Abdul Aziz goyi bayan kasa da kasa da Arab al’amurran da suka shafi

Tsaya Prince Rashed Al Khuzai a fili da kuma karfi da tare da kafa, King Abdul-Aziz Al Saud ta} o} arin daidaita kasar Larabawa a karkashin Saudi Arabia da sunan kuma tsarkake mulkin mallaka da kuma yahudawan sahyoniya da kuma Freemasonry abokan ciniki da kuma a sakamakon da aka yi ta Sarki Abdul Aziz Al Saud da kyau kwarai dangantakar, musamman tare da sarkin, Sheikh Rashid al-Khuzai, a Arab yarima kuma shugaban yana kafa da dama kasa ƙungiyoyi a cikin Larabawa da kuma Islamic halittu, mafi kyau da aka sani Bmnahith British umarni a Levant da goyon baya ga Palasdinawa da kuma Libya juyin juya halin sanshi ya ‘yan adawa ga bayyane tawaye da Jordan daular mulkinsu tun da isowa daga Sharif Hussein bin Ali ta iyali da kuma Sarki Abdullah na zuwa masarautar na Transjordan cewa sauko Prince Rashid al-Khuzai na Jordan Alfrehat kabilar cewa mulki da babban yankin na Levant, ciki har da wasu sassa na Palestine kuma ba shakka Jordan tsawon mulkin Ottoman, da zuwa na Sharif Hussein bin Ali iyali Hashemi na Jordan a lokacin da aka kai da Prince Rashed Al Khuzai lokaci Amir Snjqah Ajloun kamar yadda ya aka kira shi, inda mulkin Prince Rashed Al Khuzai yankin na masarautar na Transjordan ban da sassa na Palestine a lokacin da mulkin Ottoman, da Sarki Abdul Aziz Al Saud goyon baya ga fafitikar Prince Rashed Al Khuzai kai tsaye da kuma karfi da goyon baya da hugging shi da kuma ba shi kariya ga iyali da kuma mabiyansa majalisar dattijai da kuma shirya domin da yawa shekaru, tun 1937, kuma ya zama Prince Rashed Al Khuzai da iyalinsa, kuma dattawa da shugabannin masu biyayya ga shi a wannan lokacin siyasa ‘yan gudun hijira a King Abdul Aziz bin Abdul Rahman bin Faisal Al Saud, Sarkin Saudi Arabia zazzabi da sabuwar united kuma zo kai tsaye Monument ga juyin juya halin Mujahid Sheikh Izz al-Din al-Qassam a Palestine a 1935.
mutuwarsa

Sarki Abdul Aziz bin Abdul Rahman Al Saud, ya mutu ya fada a Taif lardin yankin Makka a lokacin: 4:36. Litinin 1373H \ Nuwamba 9, 1953 m. Bayan hukunci dade shekara hamsin da biyu, da kai da shekaru 77 Snh.ather bugun zuciya bayan fama da hardening na jijiya cuta [26], da kuma zaman lafiya ya tabbata a gare da Hawiye [3], sa’an nan kuma jikinsa aka canjawa wuri daga Taif Airport to Riyadh, tsohon filin jirgin sama, inda ya jiki da aka canjawa wuri zuwa ga Eid salla a Riyadh a matsayin yi da Matattu da salla kuma bayan Maghrib da salla, kuma daga baya canjawa wuri zuwa Al Oud hurumi.

Kyauta photo Palace akwatin a Saudi babban birnin kasar Riyadh a tsakiyar watan Afrilu 1948 m- watan maraba da shekara 1367 AH archive Bulletin Duniya yanayin kasa

gada hukunci

Sarki Abdul Aziz, mahaifin dukan sarakunan Saudi Arabia, waɗanda suke mãsu mayẽwa tun 1953, daga Sarkin Saud da Sarki Faisal da Sarki Khalid da Sarki Fahd da Sarki Abdullah, sa’an nan kuma Sarkin Salman. Duk da yake bauta wa a matsayin da kambi yarima, Prince Mohammed bin Nayef bin Abdulaziz Al Saud da kuma matsayi na umarni da kambi yarima, Prince Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdul Aziz Al-Saud, jikan Sarki Abdulaziz. Mataki na ashirin da II na Basic Shari’ar yawan (a / 90) da cewa kyautar za a iyakance ga ‘ya’yan da kafa King Abdul Aziz bin Abdul Rahman Al-Faisal Al-Saud, da kuma yara da yara, da kuma cewa selection na fittest daga gare su ga hukunci bada mambobi ne na mulki da iyalinsa majalisa propriety a shugabanci.

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